The next full moon will occur on Saturday April 16 at 14:55 (1855 GMT), but the moon will appear as a full moon to the casual stargazer on the night before and after its climax. The full moon in April is also known as the full pink moon.
About once a month the full moon shows its face to the earth. Well, something like that.
Most of the time, the full moon is not perfectly full. We always see the same side of the moon, but part of it is in shadow due to the moon’s rotation. Only when the Moon, Earth, and Sun are in perfect alignment is the Moon 100% full, and this alignment creates a lunar eclipse.
And sometimes – once in a blue moon – the moon is full twice a month (or four times in a season, depending on which definition you prefer).
You can prepare for the next full moon or eclipse by using our guide to photographing a lunar eclipse, as well as photographing the moon with a camera in general, which can help you get the most out of the event. If you need photography gear, consider our best cameras for astrophotography and best lenses for astrophotography to make sure you’re ready for the next eclipse.
Related: Night Sky, March 2022: What to See for the Rest of This Month
When is full moon? Calendar dates for 2022
At this time, according to NASA, full moons will occur in 2022:
|date||Surname||US Eastern Time||Greenwich Mean Time|
|January 17th||wolf moon||6:48 p.m||23:48|
|February 16th||snow moon||11:57 a.m||16:57|
|March 18th||worm moon||3:17 a.m.||07:17|
|April 16||pink moon||2:55 p.m||18:55|
|May 16th||flower moon||12:14 a.m||04:14|
|14th June||strawberry moon||7:52 a.m||11:52|
|July 13th||buck moon||2:37 p.m||18:37|
|August 11th||sturgeon moon||9:36 p.m||01:36 Aug 12|
|10.09||harvest moon||5:59 a.m||09:59|
|9th October||Hunter’s moon||4:55 p.m||20:55|
|November 8th||beaver moon||6:02 a.m||11:02|
|December 7th||cold moon||11:08 p.m||4:08 (Dec 8)|
The full moon names 2022 explained
Many cultures have given different names to the full moon of each month. The names were applied to the entire month in which they occurred. the Peasant Almanac lists several names commonly used in the United States. There is some variation in lunar names, but generally the same were used among the Algonquin tribes from New England west to Lake Superior. European settlers followed their own customs and created some of their own names.
Other Indians had other names. In the book This Day in North American Indian History (Da Capo Press, 2002), author Phil Konstantin lists more than 50 Native Americans and their names for full moons. He also lists them on his website AmericanIndian.net.
Amateur astronomer Keith Cooley has compiled a short list of lunar names from other cultures, including Chinese and Celtic, on his website.
Chinese moon names:
|January||holiday moon||July||Hungry Ghost Moon|
|February||Rising moon||August||harvest moon|
|march||sleepy moon||September||Chrysanthemum moon|
|April||peony moon||October||Friendly moon|
|To be allowed to||dragon moon||November||white moon|
|June||lotus moon||December||Bitter Moon|
Full Moon names often correspond to seasonal markers, so a Harvest Moon occurs at the end of the growing season in September or October, and the Cold Moon occurs in frosty December. At least that’s how it works in the northern hemisphere.
In the southern hemisphere, where the seasons change, the harvest moon occurs in March and the cold moon in June. According to Earthsky.org, these are common names for full moons south of the equator.
January: Hay Moon, Buck Moon, Thunder Moon, Met Moon
February (midsummer): Grain Moon, Sturgeon Moon, Red Moon, Wyrt Moon, Corn Moon, Dog Moon, Barley Moon
March: Harvest Moon, Corn Moon
April: Harvest Moon, Hunter Moon, Blood Moon
To be allowed to: Hunter Moon, Beaver Moon, Frost Moon
June: Oak moon, cold moon, long night moon
July: Wolf Moon, Old Moon, Ice Moon
August: Snow Moon, Storm Moon, Hunger Moon, Wolf Moon
September: Worm Moon, Lenten Moon, Crow Moon, Sugar Moon, Chaste Moon, Sap Moon
October: Egg Moon, Fish Moon, Seed Moon, Pink Moon, Waking Moon
November: Corn Moon, Milk Moon, Flower Moon, Rabbit Moon
December: Strawberry moon, honey moon, rose moon
The phases of the moon with dates explained
The moon is a sphere that orbits the earth once every 27.3 days. It also takes about 27 days for the moon to rotate on its own axis. So the moon always shows us the same face; There is no single “dark side” of the moon. As the moon orbits the earth, it is illuminated by the sun from different angles – what we see when we look at the moon is reflected sunlight. On average, the moon rises about 50 minutes later each day, meaning it sometimes rises during the day and sometimes at night.
There are four phases of the moon, new moon, first quarter moon, full moon and third quarter moon.
at new moonthe moon is between the earth and the sun, so the side of the moon that faces us receives no direct sunlight and is illuminated only by faint sunlight reflected off the earth.
A few days later, as the moon moves around the earth, the side we can see will gradually become more illuminated by direct sunlight. This thin sliver is called increasing Moon.
A week after the new moon, the moon is 90 degrees from the sun in the sky and, from our point of view, is half lit – what we call it first quarter because it’s about a quarter of the way around the world.
A few days later, the area of illumination continues to increase. More than half of the moon’s surface appears to get sunlight. This phase is called a Growing gibbous Moon.
When the moon has moved 180 degrees from its new moon position, the sun, earth and moon form a line. The moon’s disk is as close as possible to full exposure to the sun, that’s what it’s called full moon.
Next, the moon moves until more than half of its area appears to get sunlight, but the amount decreases. this is that decreasing gibbous phase.
Days later, the moon moved another quarter around the earth, around the third quarter Position. The sun’s light now shines on the other half of the moon’s visible side.
Next, the moon moves into the waning moon Phase as less than half of the face seems to get sunlight and the amount decreases.
Eventually the moon moves back to its new moon starting position. Since the moon’s orbit is not exactly in the same plane as the earth’s orbit around the sun, they are rarely perfectly aligned. Normally the moon passes above or below the sun from our vantage point, but occasionally it passes directly in front of the sun and we get an eclipse.
Each full moon is calculated to occur at an exact time, which may or may not be near moonrise where you are. So when a full moon rises, it usually happens a few hours before or after the actual time it’s technically full, but a casual sky watcher won’t notice the difference. In fact, the moon often looks about the same on two consecutive nights around the full moon.
Lunar Eclipses 2022
Lunar eclipses are inextricably linked to the full moon.
When the moon is in its full phase, it passes behind the earth with respect to the sun and can pass through the earth’s shadow, creating a lunar eclipse. When the moon is completely in the shadow of the earth, we see a total lunar eclipse. At other times, the Moon only partially passes through the Earth’s shadow in what is known as a partial or even penumbral lunar eclipse (when the Moon only transits the outermost portion of the Earth’s shadow).
In 2022 there will be two lunar eclipses: A total lunar eclipse on 16 and a total lunar eclipse on November 8th.
The May 16 total lunar eclipse will be visible in North and South America, Europe and Africa. It begins at 9:32 p.m. EDT (0132 GMT) and lasts about 5 hours and 18 minutes, according to NASA’s Eclipse website. The eclipse will peak at 12:12 p.m. EDT (0412 on May 17 GMT).
The November 8 total lunar eclipse will be visible in Asia, Australia, the Pacific Ocean and the Americas. It begins at 3:02 a.m. EST (0802 GMT) and lasts about 5 hours and 53 minutes, according to NASA, with a total duration of 1 hour and 24 minutes. It will peak at 6am EST (1100 GMT).
Since the moon’s orbit around the earth is tilted, it does not coincide with the earth’s shadow every month and we don’t have a lunar eclipse every month.
Solar eclipses of 2022
When the moon is in its “new” phase, it moves between the earth and the sun, so the side facing earth appears dark.
Occasionally the moon’s orbit is so aligned with the sun that part or all of the sun may be blocked by the moon as seen from earth. When the moon completely obscures the sun’s disk, we see a total solar eclipse during the day, which can be a really impressive place. In other cases, the moon may only partially block the sun during a partial eclipse.
The moon can even create a “ring of fire” eclipse when it passes directly in front of the sun but is at a point on its orbit too far from Earth to completely cover the sun’s disk. This leaves a ring or “annulus” around the moon to create what is known as an annular eclipse.
In 2022 there will be two solar eclipses: a partial solar eclipse on the 30th and a partial solar eclipse on October 25th.
The April 30 partial solar eclipse will be visible from parts of the southeast Pacific and southern South America. It begins at 2:45 p.m. EDT (1845 GMT) and ends at 6:37 p.m. EDT (2237 GMT), according to NASA’s eclipse page.
The partial solar eclipse of October 25 will be visible from parts of Europe, northeast Africa, the Middle East and western Asia. It begins at 4:58 am EST (0858 GMT) and ends at 9:02 am EST (1302 GMT).
More full moon and night sky resources
https://www.space.com/16830-full-moon-calendar.html Full moon calendar 2022: when is the next full moon visible?